Muscle Tension

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There are a number of reasons why you might experience muscle tension:

  • Over activity of the nerves that control contraction.
  • If calcium, potassium or magnesium levels are low, nerve endings become more active.
  • Diuretics like tea and coffee, hyperventilation, excessive vomiting or inadequate nutrition can cause a reduction calcium and magnesium levels.
  • People who over-exercise can get tense muscles due to electrolyte imbalances and dehydration.
  • This is more likely in hot weather, when more fluids, salts and minerals are lost through sweat.
  • Poor circulation to muscles can also be a cause.
  • Older people are more likely to suffer with tense muscles, due to reduced muscle tone.
  • Common during pregnancy.

How to manage muscle tension

Most muscle tightness will stop if you are able to stretch the affected muscle. This can be as simple as standing up or walking around. If it is in your calf, you should keep your leg straight and raise you ankle so your toes point towards your head.

Gentle message or applying heat will help the muscle to relax and improve blood circulation. If it is due to dehydration, replace fluids and electrolytes with a sports drink.

The most important factor in managing muscle tension is maintaining essential minerals. This can be done simply, through supplements –


This helps your body maintain normal muscle and nerve function. As an important electrolyte and mineral, it plays a key role in the creating nerve impulses and muscle contraction. It is also plays an important role in regulating other minerals and transporting potassium and calcium across cell membranes to allow a muscle to relax after flexing.

Potassium and calcium

These are two other minerals that play a critical role in normal muscle operation. Combining these three minerals may be beneficial in correcting electrolyte imbalances and reducing muscle tension.

Published November 26, 2012
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